Plaster or a fine plaster-like material made of gypsum, which is also called whiting, used for sculptures. An especially versatile medium in reliefs, gesso can be either a material cast in a mold or a material of a mold, a material to be modeled, or carved, or attached to something else. When used for molds into which molten metal is poured, it must be hardened with sand as a grog. Gesso may also refer to such a gypsum material mixed with an animal-hide glue and used as a ground for painting. For this latter use, it is usually applied to the surface of a wood panel or sculpture to become the surface on which an artist paints. It was used by Gothic and Renaissance panel painters, and is still used today. Oxgall (or another wetting agent) can be employed to eliminate pin-holes in gesso surfaces by mixing it into the gesso before the gesso is applied. Like all other dusts, airborne gesso is hazardous to breathe — every user should wear an appropriate dust mask. Also see slip and stucco. (pr. JES-soh)

Glossary of Art Terms. 2014.

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  • Gesso — [ dIPA|ʒɛsIPA|ːo] is the Italian word for Board chalk (akin to the Greek word gypsum ), and is a powdered form of the mineral calcium carbonate used in art. Gesso was traditionally mixed with animal glue, usually rabbit skin glue, to use as an… …   Wikipedia

  • Gesso — ist der italienische Begriff für Gips oder Kreide und bezeichnet die traditionelle Grundierung auf Leinwänden. Gesso ist der Oberbegriff für eine Substanz, die aus Hasenhautleim und Schlämmkreide (Kalziumkarbonat) besteht. Der Begriff ist die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • gesso — / dʒɛs:o/ s.m. [lat. gypsum, dal gr. gýpsos ]. 1. (miner.) [minerale monoclino, costituito da solfato di calcio biidrato, che si presenta in masse granulari o in cristalli sfaldabili]. 2. (estens.) a. [bastoncino, costituito dal minerale macinato …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • gesso — |ê| s. m. 1. Sulfato de cal hidratado. (Misturado com água, o gesso faz presa formando uma massa ao mesmo tempo sólida e tenra. Utiliza se esta propriedade para a reprodução de esculturas, a imobilização de membros fraturados, na construção,… …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Gesso — Ges so, n. [It., chalk, plaster.] 1. Plaster of Paris, or gypsum, esp. as prepared for use in painting, or in making bas reliefs and the like; by extension, a plasterlike or pasty material spread upon a surface to fit it for painting or gilding,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gesso — GÉSSO s. n. 1. (statuetă de) ghips. 2. (pict.) strat gros format din clei şi culoare albă. (< it. gesso) Trimis de raduborza, 15.09.2007. Sursa: MDN …   Dicționar Român

  • gesso — plaster of Paris, 1590s, from It. gesso, from L. gypsum (see GYPSUM (Cf. gypsum)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • gesso — ► NOUN ▪ a hard compound of plaster of Paris or whiting in glue, used in sculpture. ORIGIN Italian, from Greek gupsos gypsum …   English terms dictionary

  • gesso — [jes′ō] n. [It, gypsum, chalk < L gypsum, GYPSUM] plaster of Paris (or, now, chalk) mixed with glue and applied to flat or carved surfaces or as bas reliefs, etc. and then painted, gilded, etc …   English World dictionary

  • Gesso — Le Gesso (mot italien venant du grec « gypse » ou plâtre) est un enduit à base de plâtre et de colle animale, utilisé pour préparer, à partir du Moyen Age, les panneaux de bois destinés à être peints, notamment à la tempera puis à l… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • gesso — /jes oh/, n., pl. gessoes. 1. gypsum or plaster of Paris prepared with glue for use as a surface for painting. 2. any plasterlike preparation to prepare a surface for painting, gilding, etc. 3. a prepared surface of plaster or plasterlike… …   Universalium

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